|spinach in bloom|
Another example is cauliflower. In some areas it's possible to overwinter cauliflower-- yet this isn't a universal cauliflower trait. Certain varieties have been selected for increased cold tolerance and are thus planted in late summer for harvest in winter.
As gardeners, it is important that we select the right variety for the time of planting we are intending the plant to be growing in. No matter how well a garden is tended, plants will respond to environmental cues. The best we can do is capitalize on the work of plant breeders who have developed varieties to perform well during different seasons.